Acne is the most common, inflammatory skin condition yet much more than an ordinary red-pink pimple with a white popping head. The term “acne” comprehends various skin issues known as multifactorial diseases that can appear in various ways. It can be as simple as a white or blackhead and as painful as a nodule or a cyst.
You need to look out for different causes of acne to deal with that before it turns worse.
- Excessive sebum production
Our skin pores open to follicles. And each follicle is made up of a sebaceous (oil) gland and a hair. This gland releases oil, called sebum, to keep your skin moist and soft. Excessive production of sebum clogs the pores and causes acne.
- Clogged hair follicles can build up bacteria.
When you are not consistent about washing your face properly, or not exfoliating, the dead skin cells accumulate in your pores, and oil starts building up under the blocked follicles. This combination of dead skin cells and oil usually gets infected by bacteria and starts swelling, which turns into inflamed acne pimples.
- Hormonal changes
One of the main causes of acne breakouts is hormonal change.
- Acne during Puberty: Increased levels of androgens during puberty, which convert in estrogen in females and testosterone hormones in males, are responsible for teenage acne. Sebaceous glands are sensitive to hormonal change that causes the glands to release far more sebum than is required.
- Acne during Pregnancy: Many women may experience a flare-up of acne in the first trimester of their pregnancy due to hormonal disruption. As the estrogen and progesterone levels increase during pregnancy, androgen hormone production also goes high, which results in acne bursts.
- Acne during Menopause: Again, hormonal fluctuation during menopause, when estrogen levels drop down while androgen levels rise, can cause acne.
- Other triggers
Other causes may include:
- Diets high in sugar, carbs, saturated fats, and dairy products can cause acne.
- Stress may trigger your acne and/or make it worse.
- Certain medications such as anti-depressants or prescription medicines to treat epilepsy, bipolar disorder, etc. may also trigger it.
- Acne is inherited. If your parents had acne, chances are you’ll also develop it.